Government of Bhutan is a Constitutional Monarchy. Government is headed by the Prime Minister, who represents the majority party in the National Assembly or the Head of the Coalition. Members of cabinet are elected for the term of five years by the King and accepted by the National Assembly.
The State of Bhutan is ruled by the King. Current King of Bhutan is Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck and Prime Minister is Jigme Y Thinley. Parliament has right to elect the government or prime minister for a five-year term.
Parliament in the country is bicameral and consists of non-partisan national council and the national assembly. National council of the country consists of 25 seats of which 20 are chosen for a term of four years by each of the 20 electoral districts and the remaining five are elected by the King. National Assembly is made up of 47 seats and all the members are elected for a term of five years by popular vote method.
Bhutan stands 103rd on the 2011 Economic Freedom Index with a score of 57.6. The country is ranked 18th amongst 41 countries of the Asia–Pacific region and overall it score slightly lower than the global average.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey that measures the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Bhutan is ranked 36th out of 178 countries in the 2010 Corruption Perceptions index with score of 5.7, indicating that it has low rate of corruption.
Freedom of Information
The media in Bhutan is restricted. The country has radio broadcasters and television broadcasters.
In 2010, Bhutan is ranked 64th on the Press Freedom Index. The index contains countries with scores ranging from zero, implying most freedom, to about 105. Bhutan scores 17.75 points on this index indicating moderate regulations on the media.
· Bhutan Today
· The Bhutan Times
· Bhutan Observer
Judicial service Act has established an autonomous Judicial Service Council to regulate the appointments and promotions and to build a free judiciary.
The National Judicial Commission (NJC) administers the judiciary, elects high court judges and 20 district court judges. King of Bhutan has complete power to remove, suspend or censure judges if the NJC suggests.
The judiciary in Bhutan consists of
· The Supreme Court
· The High Court
· The Dzongkhag Court
· The Dungkhag Court
· Appellate Authority
· Advisory Jurisdiction
The Supreme Court expanded to the whole of Bhutan, all persons therein, and all persons belong with in established legal relationship to Bhutan. The Supreme Court/High Court are powered to review any official acts which is contrary to the provisions of the Constitution.
Dzongkhag and Dungkhag have its own court i.e. The Dzongkhag Court and The Dungkhag Court respectively.
Trials in the country are not conducted by the jury and defendant has the rights to appeal to the high court and can make the final appeal to the King. Defendant cannot question the witnesses. Trials are public except foe the cases which involves family law and juveniles.