Côte d’Ivoire has a republican system of government. It has three branches, namely, the executive, the judiciary and the legislature. The country is headed by the president, elected for a 5-year term, who in turns appoints the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is the head of government.
The country’s parliament, known as the National Assembly, is unicameral and is comprised of 225 members. The members are directly elected for a term of five years.
The major political parties include AIRD - Ivorian Alliance for the Republic and Democracy, FPI - Ivorian Popular Front, MFA - Movement of Forces of the Future.
In 2011, a civil war erupted after Laurent Gbagbo refused to concede defeat in the recent election. The standoff continues between the forces supporting Laurent Gbagbo and those supporting Alassane Ouattara. The dispute begna after the presidential elections in November 2010. Ouattara is recognized as the winner by France and NATO forces.
(Source: nyulawglobal.org, africanelections)
Côte d’Ivoire is ranked 122nd in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom, with a score of 55.4. The country’s overall score is higher than the regional average, but lower than the global average. It is ranked 23rd out of 46 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Côte d’Ivoire is ranked 146th on the index, indicating low level of corruption in public departments.
The CPI ranking of the country improved from 154th in 2009 to 146th in 2010, with a score of 2.2 and confidence range of 1.8 to 2.4.
(Source: transparency.org, transparency.org)
Freedom of information
The World Press Freedom Index of 2010 ranks Côte d’Ivoire at 118th with a score of 36.00. The country has been described as one of the most dangerous countries in Africa for local and foreign media.
The major newspapers in Côte d’Ivoire are:
- Fraternité Matin
- Notre Voie
- Le Patriote
- Soir Info
- Le Nouveau Reveil
- Le Jour
- 24 Heures
- Le Front
(Source: BBC, rsf.org)
The Judiciary of Côte d’Ivoire is an independent body. The judiciary system includes:
- Supreme Court
- High Court of Justice
- State Security Court
- Courts of Appeal
- Courts of First Instance
- Courts of Assize
- Justice of the Peace Courts
The Justice of the Peace Courts are at the lowest level of the judicial system and adjudicates in minor civil and criminal cases. The Courts of First Instance has jurisdiction in minor criminal cases along with juvenile and civil cases. The Courts of Assize hear appeals in major criminal cases. Finally, the Courts of Appeal hear appeals from Courts of First Instance and Courts of Assize.