the Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a Islamic republic. The government consists of three branches the legislative, the executive and the the judiciary.
The President is the head of state and is elected for a term of five years. He serves as the supreme commander of the armed forces, heads the council of ministers and the committee of national defence. He has the power to appoint the prime minister and sign civil and military treaties.
The legislative power is vested in parliament. The parliament is bicameral which includes the national Assembly and the senate. The national assembly, also known as the lower house, consists of 95 members elected by universal adult suffrage. They serve a term of five years. the senate consists of 56 members who are indirectly elected by municipal councillors and serve a term of six years.
The major political parties in Mauritania include:
· Action for Change
· Popular Progressive Alliance
· Popular Front
· Mauritanian Party for Union and Change
· Democratic Cooperation Party
· Party for Liberty, Equality, and Justice
· Mauritanian Renewal Party
· People’s Party
· Democratic and Social Republican Party
· Social Democratic Unionist Party
Dr. Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdhaf is the Prime Minister and Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz is the President of Mauritania.
Mauritania’s economy is ranked 134th in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom, with a score of 52.1. Mauritania’s overall score is below the world and regional average. Mauritania ranks 26th out of 46 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region.
The Corruption Perceptions Index is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Mauritania is ranked in 143rd position on the Corruption Perception Index with a score of 2.3, compared to 130th rank in 2009.
Freedom of information
The World Press Freedom Index 2010 ranks Mauritania in 95th position with a score of 25.38. Mauritania has improved its position since 2009 when it was ranked 100th.
Chaab, Horizons, Le Calame, L'Eveil-Hebdo and Rajoul Echaree are some of the main newspapers in Mauritania.
(Source: rsf.org, BBC)
The judicial system is independent in Mauritania. It includes the following courts:
· Court of appeal
· Supreme Court
· First instance court
The Supreme Court lies at the apex of the judiciary. The first instance court consists of one judge and the Supreme Court and Appeals court consist of three judges each.
(Source: mauritania.mr, UNDP)