The population of Mongolia in July 2010 was 6,853,019,414 and is projected to be 6,929,098,151 in July 2011.
In 2009, the gender ratio was 97.9 men per 100 women.
Population age structure
In 2009, 26% of the population was in the 0-14 year age group . The population above 60 years of age included 6.5% women and 5.3% men in the same period.
The median age of the population increased from 18.8 years in 1990 to 26.3 years in 2010, primarily due to increasing life expectancy.
(Source: undp.org, page: 194)
In Mongolia, life expectancy at birth in 2010 was 67.3years. Between 2005 and 2010, the life expectancy at birth for men and women was 63.2 years and 69.8 years respectively.
(Source: undp.org, UN)
The mortality rate of infants was recorded at 19 per 1,000 live births in the year 2010 and in the year 2009 were 20 per 1,000 live births.
(Source: Statistics, page: 40)
Death Rate and Birth rate
The death rate in 2010 was 6.2 per 1,000 people. The birth rate in the same year was 23.7 per 1,000 live births.
Migration and urbanisation
The international migrant stock in mid-2010 included 10,000 individuals, which accounted for only 0.4% of the total population.
Approximately 57% of Mongolia’s population lived in urban areas in 2007. Between 2005-2010, the urban and rural population grew at an annual average rate of 1.2% and 0.6% respectively.
The main ethnic group in Mongolia are the Mongols, making up 95% of the population. Other ethnic groups include Turkic and Buriat.
Human development index
Mongolia is ranked 100th in the 2010 Human Development Index (HDI) conducted by the United Nations. The HDI provides a composite measure of three dimensions of human development: living a long and healthy life (measured by life expectancy), being educated (measured by adult literacy and gross enrolment in education) and having a decent standard of living (measured by purchasing power parity, PPP, income).