The government system followed by Slovenia is parliamentary democracy. The country’s constitution was adopted on 23rd December 1991.
The citizens of Slovenia are vested with the power to elect their representatives directly through elections. The government is based on the principle of separation of legislative, executive and judicial powers.
The legislative branch consists of the National Assembly and the National Council. The national assembly is the highest legislative authority, which consists of 90 deputies. The deputies are elected directly for the term of four years. The national council represents social, economic, professional and local interests. It is comprised of forty members.
The executive branch consists of the President and the Government. The President is the head of the state and is elected for a term of five years. The government is led by the Prime Minister and the cabinet. The Prime Minister is nominated by the President to the National Assembly.
Major political parties in Slovenia:
- Socialni Demokrati
- Slovenska Demokratska Stranka
- Demokratična Stranka Upokojencev Slovenije
(Source: Government of Slovenia, slovenia.si, state.gov, parties-and-elections.de)
Regulatory Environment in Slovenia
The national assembly has the rights to pass decisions in the presence of majority of deputies, to propose the law, to call a referendum on issues which are subject to regulation by law. It has the right to decide on the use of the defence forces. The National Assembly has the right to declare war or a state of emergency. The national council has the rights to propose the passing of the law to the National Assembly.
The president of the state has the right to announce elections to the national assembly. It also has the right to declare laws, to appoint state officials and to decide on granting clemency.
(Source: Government of Slovenia, slovenia.si)
The country’s economic freedom score is 64.6, making its economy the 66th freest in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. Slovenia was placed 29th out of 43 regional countries in the European Region.
Slovenia is placed 27th in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2010 with a score of 6.4. CPI measures the perceived level of public-sector corruption in 178 countries and territories around the world.
Freedom of Information
Media in Slovenia is free and the constitution supports the freedom of expression. The journalists and media have the right to access government information.
(Source: BBC, humanrightspoint.si)
The country was ranked 46th in the World Press Freedom Index 2010, with a score of 13.44.
- Slovenske Novice
The judicial system in Slovenia includes the following courts:
- Supreme Court
- Constitutional Court
- Court of Audit
The Supreme Court is the highest court in Slovenia. The Supreme Court has six divisions, which includes Criminal Division, Civil Division, Commercial Section, Labour and Social Department, Administrative Department and Records Section.
(Source: sodisce.si, Government of Slovenia)