Sudan is a presidential democracy, where the president is the head of the state and the head of government. The country’s president is directly elected from all citizens.
The powers are divided into three branches, namely, the executive, the judiciary and the legislature. The executive powers in the country are vested with the president, his vice presidents and the ministers.
The country’s parliament, known as the national legislature, is bicameral and includes the Majlis Watani (the National Assembly) and the Majlis Welayat (the Council of States). The National Assembly is comprised of 450 members, of which 25% of seats (112 seats) are reserved for women. All the 450 members are directly elected for a five year term. The Council of States is comprised of 52 members, of which 50 members are directly elected from the state legislatures. Also, two observers from the Abyei Area Council are appointed.
The country’s current President is Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR, First Vice President and Vice President are Salva KIIR Mayardit and Ali Osman TAHA respectively.
(Source: sudan.net, sudan.gov, IPU)
Sudan’s is not ranked in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. The last time the country was included in the Index was in 2000, when its economic freedom score was 47.2
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Sudan is ranked 172nd on the index, indicating high levels of corruption in public departments.
Freedom of information
Sudan is ranked 172nd in the World Press Freedom Index 2010 with a score of 85.33, indicating that media in the country is restricted.
The newspapers publish only the official views as regulated by military censorship. The government also filters online content.
Major newspapers in Sudan include:
- Al-Ra'y al-Amm
- Khartoum Monitor
- The Juba Post
(Source: BBC, rsf.)
The judicary is an independent body in Sudan. The legal system is based on Islamic law and English common law. The judiciary in Sudan includes a High Court, civil courts and special religious courts. The constitution also recognises a tribal court in the country.