Suriname is a constitutional democracy. The government is divided into three branches, the executive, the legislative and the judicial.
The president, vice president, and the council of ministers come under the executive branch. The legislative branch is the country’s parliament, known as the National Assembly. The National Assembly is unicameral and has 51 directly elected members.
Major political parties in Suriname include:
· National Party of Suriname (NPS)
· Progressive Reform Party (VHP)
· General Interior Development Party (ABOP)
· Brotherhood and Unity in Politics (BEP)
· Suriname Workers Party (SPA)
· Democratic Alternative '91 (DA '91)
· National Democratic Party (NDP)
· Democratic National Platform 2000 (DNP 2000)
· Party for Renewal and Development (BVD)
· Javanese Indonesian Peasants Party (KTPI)
(Source: IPU, state.gov)
Regulatory environment in Suriname
The country’s economic freedom score is 58.1, making it the 129th freest in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. Furthermore, Suriname ranks 22nd out of the 29 regional countries in the Central and South America/ Caribbean region. Its overall score is lower than the global and regional averages.
Suriname is not ranked in the 2010 Corruption Perceptions Index. However, in the 2009 Index, the country was ranked 75th.
Freedom of information
Media in Suriname is free. The government of the country respects the freedom of expression.
Suriname is ranked 35th in the World Press Freedom Index 2010 with a score of 11.50.
· De Ware Tijd
· De West
The judicial system is headed by the Supreme Court whose members are appointed by the president after consultations with the National Assembly. The court system includes three lower courts, two specialised courts and the Court of Justice as an appeal court. The Caribbean court of justice is the highest court of appeal.
The Caribbean court of justice is the regional judicial tribunal of the Caribbean region. It was inaugurated in 2005 at the Port of Spain in Trinidad and Tobago. The Caribbean court of justice was established as a substitute for the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
(Source: CCJ, spainexchange, law.yale.edu)