Education in Uruguay is free and compulsory from 6 to 14 years of age. Education system is based on legal and constitutional regulations. The Education Act of 1985 led to the formation of the National Administration of Public Education (ANEP).
Ministry of Education and Culture is in charge of national educational and cultural policies. The ministry also establishes guidelines with respect to scientific and technical research, sports and extra-curricular activities, development of private and civic education as well as the conservation of the cultural and artistic history of the country.
Uruguay’s public and private education systems are separately financed. Public education system is funded through the share allotted for education in the state budget. Budget Law determines share of education in national budget. Private system gets exemptions from municipal and national taxes.
In 2010, the country’s adult literacy rate was registered at 97.9%.
Uruguayan Constitution states that free prevention and health care services must be provided to the impoverished population. The governing authority of healthcare sector is the Ministry of Public Health (MPH). It is involved in developing prevention programmes and setting medical standards. In 2008, 9.9% of the nation’s GDP accounted to healthcare expenses.
In 2005, the government introduced reforms in healthcare sector to attain universal healthcare coverage and eliminate inequalities. Its policies included integration of the health system, forming a national health fund and assigning health service administration to an autonomous body.
Uruguay has alliance with WHO (World Health Organisation) and the UN (United Nations) to improve the health status of the nation. The United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) was established for development of the nation. Uruguay has also created a Country Co-operation Strategy (2006-2011) in association with international organisations such as the UN and WHO.
Some of the significant aspects of the framework are:
· Making continuous efforts towards achieving prevention of common diseases (communicable and non-communicable).
- Promoting a healthy lifestyle among the population
· The National Health Authority (NHA) emphasised encouraging equal access to education and consolidating the NHA’s authority
· Decentralising the State Health Services Administration (ASSE), establishing national health accounts, developing a pharmaceuticals policy and certified training programmes for health professionals
· Attaining co-operation between sub-regional and regional levels of the hierarchy of the healthcare system
· Transferring physical healthcare records and documents onto a digital database for ease of access and maintenance of information
(Source: who.int, ilo.org, International Living)