Yemen is a Republic, that consists of a legislative branch, an executive branch and a judiciary branch.
The legislative branch is the parliament which is bicameral. The two chambers of parliament are the House of Representatives and the Consultative Council or Majlis Alshoora. The House of Representatives has 301 seats and the members are elected by people. The Consultative Council has 111 members who are appointed by the President.
The executive branch is comprised of the president, vice-president, prime minister and deputy prime ministers. The president is elected by the people for a 7-year term. The president elects the vice-president, prime minister and deputy prime ministers. The Council of Ministers is also appointed by the president but with the advice of the prime minister.
Political parties active in the country include:
- General People's Congress
- Islah Party
- Yemeni Socialist Party
In 2011, thousands of Yemeni citizens have been protesting for weeks with the demand that current President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who has been in power for 32 years, step down. The president has rejected the offer to step down by the end of 2011, however, he would not be participating in the next elections due in 2013.
Regulatory environment in Yemen
The president is the head of the state and is elected by people. The president and ministry of council exercise the executive powers on behalf of people. The president has the rights to call referendum, nominate the head of the National Defence Council, approve laws, supervise the government policy and execute the implementation in a set manner.
The House of Representative has the right to decide laws, approve the general policy of the state, general plans of economic and social development, and approve general budget and final accounts. The House of Representative also exercises the control over the executive body in a prescribed manner.
The Council of Minister has the right to participate in the preparation of external and internal policy with the president, prepare economic plan for the state and annual budget, and prepare law, resolution.
The country’s economic freedom score is 54.2, making its economy the 127th freest in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. Yemen ranks 13th out of 17 regional countries in the Middle East and North Africa region.
Yemen was placed at 146th position on the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2010, with a score of 2.2. The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide.
Freedom of information
Media in Yemen is restricted. Broadcasting through the public corporation is controlled by the Ministry of Information. Most printing presses are also controlled by the Ministry of Information.
Yemen was ranked 170th in the world Press Freedom Index 2010 with a score of 82.13, indicating that media in the country was restricted.
- Yemen Times
- Yemen Observer
The judiciary in Yemen consists of:
- Supreme Court
- Appellate courts
- Courts of First Instance
The Supreme Court is the highest court of justice. The high court consists of chairman and deputy judges, who are nominated by the President of the country.