The total population in 2009-10 was registered at 23.99 million, an increase of 2.04% compared to the previous year.
Individuals below 14 years of age constituted 46.1% of total population and people above the age of 65 years accounted for 3.7% of total population.
(Source: National Statistics, National Statistics1)
Representation of gender in the country is not equal. The male population in 2009-10 was 12.27 million, constituting 51.5% of the total population. Females accounted for 48.9% of the total population and was registered at 11.72 million.
The gender ratio was 107.4 men per 100 women in 2009.
(Source: National Statistics, UN)
Infant mortality rate in 2005-2010 period was recorded at 157 per 1,000 live births. Birth rate and death rate were registered at 46.5 per 1,000 individuals and 19.6 per 1,000 individuals respectively in 2008.
(Source: UN, ruralpoverty.org)
Average Life Expectancy
The life expectancy at birth for an individual in the country was 44.6 years. Average life expectancy for males and females was 43.9 years and 43.8 years respectively in the 2005-2010 period.
(Source: UNDP, UN)
Migration and Urbanisation
The total urban population was recorded at 5.51 million. Males and females accounted for 51.5% and 48.5% of total urban population respectively.
(Source: National Statistics)
The total international migrants at mid-year was 90,883 in 2010. The total male and female migrants at mid-year were 51,295 and 39,588.
Racial/ Ethnic Environment
Pashtuns are the major ethnic group, accounting for 50% of the total population. The other ethnic groups include Uzbeks, Tajiks and Hazaras.
Poverty and Inequality
As of 2007, 42% of the population in the country was below the national poverty line. The poor population in the rural areas was registered at 10.14 million in 2009. The major causes of poverty in Afghanistan include a high illiteracy rate, lack of irrigation facilities and inadequate land ownership.
Human Development Index
Afghanistan is ranked 155thon the Human Development Index 2010 with a score of 0.35. The HDI provides a composite measure of three dimensions of human development: living a long and healthy life (measured by life expectancy), being educated (measured by adult literacy and gross enrolment in education) and having a decent standard of living (measured by purchasing power parity, PPP, income).