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Algeria Algeria

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Algeria – Quick View
ECR score39.5 (Mar 2011)
ECR rank100 (Mar 2011)
Economic
GDP 2010USD 79.329 billion
GNI per capita PPP 2009USD 8,110
FDI inflow 2009USD 2,847 million
Inflation 20103.91%
Central bank assets (Mar. 2010)USD 155.483 billion
Unemployment rate 201010%
Government surplus 2009USD 9.020 billion
Tax revenue 2009USD 15.44 billion
Political
Government typePresidential Republic
Recent political crisisNA
Economic freedom score132nd
Freedom of information score133rd
Corruption perception index105th
Structural
Birth rate 200924.07 (per '000 people)
Population balance0-14 years – 27.30
Population balance15-64 years – 68.10
Population balanceAbove 65 years – 4.60
Life expectancyMale - 74.7 years
Life expectancyFemale – 76.3 years
Mortality rate4.51 (per '000 people)
Literacy rate 200673%
Internet access13.6%

[Top] Economic Overview

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

In 2010, estimated GDP at constant prices (2001=100) is recorded as DZD 5,984.527 billion, an increase of 3.8% over 2009.

 

Algeria GDP and GDP growth rate

(Source: IMF)

In 2009, GDP at current prices is recorded as DZD 10,135.6 billion, a decrease of 8.21% over 2008.

Algeria GDP at current prices

 

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria)

Gross National Income (GNI)

GNI per capita of Algeria is USD 8,110 for the year 2009, an increase of 1.50% over 2008.

 

Algeria GNI per capita PPP

(Source: worldbank.org)

Income Tax Rate

Income tax on Individual incomes in Algeria is taxed up to the rate of 40%.

 

Income Tax Rate, 2010

Taxable income

Tax Rate (%)

0 - 60,000

0

60,001 - 180,000

10

180,001 - 360,000

20

360,001 - 1,080,000

30

1,080,001 - 3,240,000

35

Above 3,240,000

40

(Source: taxrates.cc)

Corporate Tax Rate

Corporate tax on a company in Algeria is levied at the rate of 25%.

(Source: taxrates.cc)

Inflation

Inflation Rate of Algeria increased from 1.38% in 2005 to 5.73% in 2009. The inflation rate decreased for the year 2010 to 3.91%.

 

Algeria Inflation Rate

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria – Page 29, National Statistics)

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Inflow

In 2009, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow was USD 2,847 million, an increase of 7.59% compared to 2008.

Algeria FDI Inflow

 

(Source: unctad.org)

Banking Sector Assets

In December 2009, the total banking sector assets of the country amounted to DZD 11,248.30 billion, an increase of 6.51% over 2008. In March 2010, the total assets of Central Bank of Algeria amounted to DZD 11,532.90 billion.

Algeria Bank Assets

 

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria- Page 7)

[Top] Financial Indicators & Government Financial

Consumer Price Index

In 2010, the consumer price index was recorded as 136.2 points, an increase of 3.91% over 2009.

 

Algeria Consumer Price Index

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria – Page 29, National Statistics)

Interest Rate

As of June 2010, the interest rate on deposits is 0.3% and interbank interest rate is 3.53%

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria)

Money Supply

Monetary aggregate; M2 refers to time deposits, exchange bills, mortgage bonds, and real estate bonds. 

Algeria Money Supply

 

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria – Page15)

Government Expenditure

In 2009, government expenditure was DZD 4,214.40 billion. 

Algeria Government Expenditure

 

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria - Page 10)

Exchange Rate

USD per DZD for March 2010 was registered at 72.93. From 2005 to 2008, exchange rate decreased from 73.36 to 64.57, further it increased to 73.45 in 2010.

Algeria Exchange Rate

 

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria - Page 18)

 

Government finances

Fiscal Balance

Fiscal balance shows fluctuating movement from 2005 to 2009. The fiscal deficit for 2009 was recorded at DZD 668.80 billion.

 

Algeria Fiscal Balance

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria - Page 10)

Total Revenue

Total revenue generated by government of Algeria for the year 2009 was recorded as DZD 2,412.7 billion.

Total Revenue and Grants (DZD billion)

 

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

Revenue

2,412.7

4,088.6

2,796.8

2,799.0

2,352.7

Tax Revenue

1,144.5

965.2

766.7

720.8

640.4

Non-Tax Revenue

114.9

136.4

116.4

119.7

83.8

Grants

0.8

0.3

7.9

0.3

5.7

Total Revenue and Grants

3,672.9

5,190.5

3,687.8

3,639.8

3,082.6

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria - Page10)

Balance of Payments

Balance of Payments (DZD billion)

 

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

Current Account

30.26

2,190.82

2,105.49

2,101.61

1,553.78

Capital Account Balance

250.38

189.09

-64.46

-813.28

-311.46

Net Errors and Omissions (Net)

-30.68

65.83

-105.24

-75.43

-163.77

Overall balance

280.64

2,379.91

2,041.03

1,288.33

1,242.32

(Source: Central Bank of Algeria - Page20)

[Top] Labour Force and Employment Overview

Labour force Data

Labour Force Data ('000), 2010

 

Male

Female

Total

Total employed population

8,261

1,474

9,735

Unemployed population

729

348

1,077

Active population

8,990

1,822

10,812

Unemployment rate

8.1%

19.1%

10%

Activity rate

68.9%

14.2%

41.7%

(Source: national Statistics)

Unemployment Rate

The unemployment rate in the country gradually declined from13.80% in 2007 to 10% in 2010.

Algeria Unemployment Rate

(Source: national statistics, national statistics)

Minimum Wage

In 2011, Algeria’s minimum wage for all workers is recorded at DZD 15,000 per month.

(Source: minimum-wage.org)

 

Proportion of population of working age

Employment Population Ratio

Male

Female

Total

15+

63.3

11.5

37.6

15-24

37.8

5.6

22.1

25 and over

74.3

13.8

44.0

(Source: national statistics, national statistics)

Level of Unionisation

In Algeria, there is only one active trade union in the country- Union Générale des Travailleurs Algériens (UGTA).

(Source: icftu.org)

[Top] Political Stability

The Government in Algeria is a Presidential Republic. The power in the country is shared at three different levels – Legislative, Executive, and the Judiciary. Executive powers are exercised by the President directly or through Prime Minister and its council of Ministers. Legislative powers are exercised by the Parliament. The Parliament is comprised of two chambers - the People's National Assembly and the Council of Nation. The judicial powers are free from legislative and executive powers and are executed by the courts of law.

The members of National Assembly are elected for a five year term. The term for members of the Council of Nation is limited to six years. Half of the members of the Council of Nation are renewed every three years.

(Source: Constitution of Algeria)

Major political parties in the country are:

  • FLN - Front de Liberation National
  • RND - Rassemblement National Democratique
  • MRN/El Islah - Mouvement El Islah or Mouvement du Renouveau National
  • MSP/Hamas - Mouvement de la Societe pour la Paix
  • PT - Parti des Travailleurs
  • FNA - Front National Algerien
  • PRA - Parti du Renouveau Algerien / Party of Algerian Renewal
  • MEN - Mouvement de l'Entente Nationale

(Source: algeria.com)

Abdelaziz Bouteflika became the President of Algeria in 1999 and was elected for a third term in 2009.

(Source: BBC News)

Business and Economic Freedom

Algeria scores 52.4 on the index of economic freedom making it the 132nd freest economy in 2011. The country is ranked 14th out of 17 countries of the Middle East and North Africa region and overall its score remains lower than the regional and global average.

 

Algeria Economic Freedom Indices 2011

(Source:heritage.org)

Freedom of Information

In 2010, Algeria is ranked 133rd on the Press Freedom Index. The index contains countries with scores ranging from zero, implying most freedom, to about 105. Algeria scores 47.33 points on this index indicating high restriction on the media.

(Source: rsf.org)

The press

  • El Khabar
  • Ech Chourouk
  • Le Quotidien d'Oran
  • El Moudjahid
  • Ech Chaab
  • El Watan
  • Le Soir d'Algeria
  • Liberte
  • La Tribune
  • Algerian Press Portal
(Source: BBC News)

Corruption

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey that measures the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Algeria is ranked 105th out of 178 countries in the 2010 index with a score of 2.9, indicating that it has high rate of corruption.

(Sources: Transparency.org)

Judicial System

The judiciary in Algeria consists of:

  • The Court
  • The Supreme Court
  • The State Council
  • The Disputes Tribunal
  • The Criminal court
  • Administrative tribunals
  • The Military court
  • The Prosecutor's Office

The judicial in Algeria is characterized by “The Court”, which is the highest body in the judicial system and Supreme Court who regulate the activities of the courts across the country.

(Source: Ministry of Justice)

[Top] Demographic Overview

Population

The total population of Algeria for the year 2010 is 35.60 million, which increased at a rate of 2% over 2009.

Algeria Population

 

(Source:worldbank.org, national statistics)

The sex ratio (men per 100 women) was registered as 102.0 by the end of 2009.

(Source: un.org)

The population of age group lying between 15-64 years accounts for the highest share of 68.10% followed by the age group 0-14 years accounting for 27.30% of the total population.

Algeria Population by Age Structure

 

(Source: africaneconomicoutlook.org)

The Life expectancy at birth for the year 2009 was determined at 74.7 years for males and 76.3 years for females.

(Source: national statistics

Birth Rate and Death Rate

In 2009, the crude birth rate (per 1,000 people) was registered as 24.07 and death rate (per 1,000 people) was registered as 4.51.

(Source: national statistics

Migration

Migration, 2010

Estimated number of international migrants at mid-year

242,324

Estimated number of refugees at mid-year

94,159

International migrants as a percentage of the population

0.7

Refugees as a percentage of international migrants

38.9

(Source: un.org)

Urbanisation

As of 2007, the urban population accounts for 54.6% of the total population in the country.

(Source: un.org)

Ethnic Groups

Arab-Berber group accounts for 99% of the total population in Algeria and Europeans account for about 1% in the country.

(Source: State.gov)

Human Development Index

The country is ranked 84th on United Nation’s Human Development Index. It falls in the category of ‘High Human Development.’ HDI integrates a country’s life expectancy, schooling and income. This signifies the overall social and economic development of a nation. A rank between 43 and 85 indicates ‘high human development’ on UNDP’s Index.

(Source: UNDP)

[Top] Soft Infrastructure

Education

In Algeria, education is compulsory for every citizen aged from 6 to 16. There are four levels of education:

  • Pre-school
  • Primary education
  • Secondary education
  • Higher education

Pre-School Education is provided by kindergartens and nursery schools before the age of six.

Primary school education forms the first level of compulsory education. Children aged six are enrolled for the primary education in the country. The duration for primary education is from 6-12 years of age.

The second level of general education is secondary school. Students aged 12-15 years go for lower secondary education after the completion of primary education. Post compulsory secondary education includes general upper secondary education and vocational training from 15-18 years of age.

Higher education includes state institutions, universities and specialised university colleges.

(Source: unesco.org)

Education Resources

Participation in Education, 2008 (Gross Enrolment Ratio) (%)

Pre-primary

19

Primary

96

Secondary

68

Tertiary

21

(Source: unesco.org)

Literacy rate

As of 2006, the literacy rate of Algeria was 73%.

(Source: worldbank.org)

 

Health Care

As of 2002, the healthcare system of Algeria consists of 178 local sectors with a minimum of one hospital per sector. In 2003, there were 13 University Hospital Centres, with a total capacity of around 13,465 beds.

(Source: eiu.com)

In 2010, the number of physicians per 10,000 population is 12.1 and number of nurses and midwives per 10,000 population is 19.5.

(Source: WHO)

Medical and Paramedical Staff in Algeria

 

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

Physicians

37,720

36,347

35,368

33,654

32,332

Dentists

8,842

8,651

8,618

8,408

8,197

Pharmacists

6,082

5,705

5,198

4,976

4,814

Medical Staff

52,644

50,703

49,184

47,038

45,343

Paramedics

88,499

87,791

87,571

85,853

87,012

(Source: National Statistics)

[Top] Hard Infrastructure

Mass public transit

The various means of mass public transport in the country include trains, buses and cabs.

Roadways

The total length of road network in the country was 108,302Km by the end of 2004.

(Source: World Bank)

Ports

There are 17 ports in Algeria. Port of Bejaia is the largest port in Algeria

(Source: worldportsource.com)

Airports

There are about 26 airports in Algeria.

Town

Airport name

Runway length (ft.)

Adrar

Touat-Ch Sidi Mohamed Belkebir

9,800

Algiers

Houari Boumediene

11,400

Annaba

El Mellah

9,800

Bejaia

Soummam-Abane Ramdane

7,800

Bou Saada

Bou Saada

7,200

Constantine

Mohamed Boudiaf

7,800

Djanet

Tiska

9,800

Ech-Cheliff

Ech-Cheliff

5,400

El Golea

El Golea

9,800

El Oued

Guemar

9,800

Ghardaia

Noumerat-Moufdi Zakaria

10,100

Ghriss

Ghriss

5,500

Hassi Messaoud

Oued Irara-Krim Belkacem

9,800

Illizi

Takhamalt

9,800

In Salah

In Salah

9,800

Jijel

Ferhat Abbas

7,800

Mostaganem

Mostaganem

3,700

Oran

Es Senia

10,000

Ouargla

Ouargla

9,800

Tamanrasset

Aguenar

11,800

Tebessa

Cheikh Larbi Tebessi

9,800

Tiaret

Bou Chekif

9,800

Timimoun

Timimoun

9,800

Tlemcen

Zenata-Messali El Hadj

8,500

Touggourt

Sidi Mahdi

5,600

Zarzaitine

In Amenas

9,800

(Source: Aircraft World Charter)

Telecommunication

In Algeria Telecommunication Network are classified in three groups i.e. Fixed Telephone Line, Mobile Cellular Subscription and Internet user.

In 2009, the numbers of fixed telephone line users decline from 2,576,165 compared to the previous year from 3,069,140. 

(Source: itu.int)

Algeria Fixed Telephone Lines

Mobile cellular subscriptions

In 2009, the number of mobile subscribers in Algeria was recorded at 32,729,824.

Algeria Mobile Cellular Subscriber

(Source: itu.int)

Internet Access

As of 2010, the country had 4,700,000 internet users compared to 50,000 in 2000. The internet penetration rate increased from 0.2% in 2000 to 13.6% in 2010.

(Source: internetworldstats.com)

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