The total population of Angola for the year 2010 was 18.9 million. The country’s population grew at an average annual rate of 2.7% in the period 2005-2010.
(Source: UN, BBC)
Representation of gender in the country is almost equal. In the year 2009, females accounted for 50.7% of the total population.
The gender ratio in the country is slightly imbalanced i.e. there are about 97.2 males for every 100 females in the country.
The average life expectancy in Angola for males is 44.9 years and for females is 48.8 years (2005-2010)
(Source: UN, World Bank)
In 2009, the population below 14 years of age accounts for 45% of the total population. In the same year, 4.3% women and 3.6% men (% of total population) were aged above 60 years of age.
Birth Rate and Death Rate
In 2009, the crude birth rate (per 1,000 people) was registered as 42.3 and crude death rate was 16.5 (per 1,000 people).The infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) was registered at 117.5 in the period 2005-2010.
Migration and Urbanisation
International migrant stock till mid 2010 was recorded at 65,400 people. This was approximately 0.3% of the entire population.
Angola remains one of the least urbanised countries in the African region. In 2007, about 55.8% of the population resided in urban areas.
The latest figures reveal that urban population in the country grew at an annual rate of 4.4% between 2005 and 2010. For the same period, the rural population grew at a slower rate of 0.7% per year.
Racial/ Ethnic Environment
Major Ethnic groups in Angola are:
A large proportion of the population in Angola is Ovimbundu. Major religions include indigenous beliefs, Roman Catholic and Protestant.
In 2006, about 40.5% of the population lived below poverty line.
The country ranks 146th out of 169 countries on the Human Development Index 2010 conducted by the United Nations. The HDI provides a composite measure of three dimensions of human development: living a long and healthy life (measured by life expectancy), being educated (measured by adult literacy and gross enrolment in education) and having a decent standard of living (measured by purchasing power parity, PPP, income).