Bosnia Herzegovina is a parliamentary democratic republic. The country’s political system consists of three levels:
· Entity level- including prime minister’s government, president, vice-president and the parliament
· Canton level- comprising of ten cantons with their own assemblies
· Municipal level, where every municipality has its assembly
Nermin Niksic is the Prime Minister and Jerko Ivankovic-Laijanovic is the Deputy Prime Minister of the nation. The Prime Minister holds the authority to enforce federal authority laws, prepare parliamentary budget proposals and to issue recommendations on legal matters.
(Source: Government of Bosnia Herzegovina,un.org, page: 6)
Bosnia Herzegovina stands 104th on the 2011 Economic Freedom Index with a score of 57.5. The country is ranked 39th amongst 43 countries of the Europe region.
Freedom of Information
In 2010, Bosnia Herzegovina ranked 47th on the Press Freedom Index. The index contains countries with scores ranging from zero, implying the most freedom, to about 105. Bosnia Herzegovina scored 13.50 points on this index indicating moderate regulations on the media.
Some of the popular newspapers in the country are: Dnevni Avaz, Oslobodjenje, Glas Srpske, Dani and Nezavisne Novine.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey that measures the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Bosnia Herzegovina is ranked 91st out of 178 countries in the 2010 index, indicating that it is perceived as moderately corrupt.
The supreme body in all legal concerns is the ‘Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina.’ The Ministry of Justice is responsible for co-ordination with international courts, administrative functions of legal entities and formulating proposals on laws and regulations.
The main judiciary entities at national level include: Court of Bosnia Herzegovina, Prosecutor’s office of Bosnia Herzegovina, Prosecutors Council and Public Attorney’s Office of Bosnia Herzegovina.
The Ministry of Justice co-ordinates with international legal authorities such as: International Court of Justice and International Criminal Tribunal for Foreign Yugoslavia.
(Sources:Ministry of Justice, un.org, page: 8)