Central African Republic government is based on a Presidential Republic system. The executive powers are vested with the President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. The president is both the head of the state and government and elected for a term of six years.
The country’s parliament is unicameral and is comprised of 105 members. The members of parliament are directly elected for a five year term. The National assembly is the parliament of the country and is Unicameral. It has 150 statutory members in which 105 are directly elected for term of five years.
Major political parties in Central African Republic include:
- Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People (MLPC)
- National Convergence "Kwa Na Kwa"
(Source: IPU, fco.gov.uk)
The country is ranked 152nd in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom, with an economic freedom score of 49.3. In the Sub-Saharan Africa region, Central African Republic ranks 34th out of 46 countries. The overall score is lower than the regional averages.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Central African Republic is ranked 154th in the 2010 index, indicating that corruption levels in the public departments is fairly high.
Central African Republic improved on the CPI rankings since 2009, when it was ranked 158th with a score of 2.0 indicating the perceived levels of corruption have decreased in the country.
Freedom of Information
World Press Freedom Index 2010 Central African Republic is ranked 69th with a score of 42.00 which indicates that media restrictions in the country is moderate. (Source: rsf.org)
The judiciary in Central African Republic consists of
The Supreme Court is the highest court of justice. The judges of Supreme Court of justice and constitutional courts are elected by the president.