Congo is an independent republic with a parliamentary system of government. The nation received independence on August 15, 1960. Currently, Denis Sassou-Nguesso is the President of the nation.
The government comprises of three branches: the Executive branch, headed by the President who is elected for a term of seven years, the Legislative branch, headed by the parliament, and Jthe udiciary branch. The government has a bicameral parliament consisting of a National Assembly and a Senate.
The National Assembly consists of 137 members, who are directly elected by universal adult suffrage. The assembly serves a term of five years. The assembly implement laws and financial regulations, draft the agenda of sessions of the assembly, and appoint members of the Joint Committee. The assembly comprises of three parliamentary groups, the Congolese Labour Party (PCT), the Movement for Congolese Democracy and Integral Development (MCDDI) and the Pan-African Union for Social Democracy (UPADS).
(Source: National Assembly)
The Senate consists of 66 members, who are indirectly elected by Councils, districts, regions and municipalities. They serve a term of six years.
The major political parties in the country are:
- Congolese Labour Party
- Pan-African Union for Social Democracy
- Movement for Congolese Democracy and Integral Development
- Union Democratic Forces
- Union for Democratic Renewal
- Rally for Democracy and Development
- Convention for Democracy and Salvation
- Union for Democracy and Republic
- Union for Development and Social Progress
The Republic of Congo’s economy is the 168th freest in 2011 Economic Freedom Index, with a score of 43.6. The overall score is lower than the global and regional averages. The nation ranks 43rd out of 46 countries in Sub-Saharan African region.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. The Republic of Congo is ranked 154th on the Corruption Perception Index (CPI), with a score of 2.1 in 2010.
Freedom of information
In 2010, the World Press Freedom Index ranked the Republic of Congo at 114th, with a score of 33.60. The country’s media is free from governmental and political influence. Le Choc, L'Observateur, L'Humanitaire, Le Tam Tam and Les Echos du Congo are some of the important newspapers of the country.
(Source: rsf.org, BBC)
The judicial system in the country is formed of the Supreme Court, the High court of justice and the Superior council of magistracy.