Gabon operates under a republic system of government, with a multiparty presidential regime. The president is the head of the state, and the Prime Minister is the head of the government.
The legislative power is exercised by the government and the two chambers of parliament. Whereas, the executive power is exercised by the government only.
The country’s parliament is bicameral, and is comprised of the senate and the national assembly. The Senate chamber is comprised of 102 members, each with a term of six years. The National Assembly chamber requires 120 statutory members, each with a term of five years.
Currently, Ali Ben Bongo is the President and Paul Biyoghé Mba is the Prime Minister of Gabon
(Source: IPU, BBC)
Gabon’s economic freedom score is 56.7, making it 110th freest economy in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. Gabon is ranked 17th out of the 46 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region.
Gabon was ranked 110th on the 2010 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), with a score of 2.8, which indicates that the corruption level in public departments in the country is high.
The country’s CPI index has slipped from its 106th rank in 2009 to 110th by the end of 2010, reflecting a rise in the level of corruption.
Freedom of information
Gabon was ranked 107th in the World Press Freedom Index 2010, with a score of 28.75, which indicates that the media’s freedom is limited.
The country’s main broadcast media are under the control of government.
The various newspapers circulating in the country include:
- Le Temps
- Le Temoin
- La Lowe
- Le Journal
- La Relance
Gabon’s judicial system is based on the French model. The judicial power is exercised through various courts:
- Constitutional Court,
- Court of Cassation (the highest court in civil, commercial, social and criminal matters)
- the Council of State (the highest authority for administrative matters)
- the Court of Auditors
- the Courts of Appeal
- the ordinary courts
- the High Court of Justice
Judges are appointed by the Supreme Council of the judiciary and are supervised by the President of the Republic.
(Source: state.gov, WTO)