Indonesia has a population of 237,556,363 (2010), of which 50.31% are males. DKI Jakarta is the most densely populated province of the country with 14,440 people residing per square kilometre.
In 2010, the population of the country recorded a growth of 15.17%, as compared to the year 2000. The following graph shows the growth of population over the past decades:
In 2009, about 27% of the total population were between the age group of 0 to 14 years. During the same year, the proportion of males and females above 60 years of age were 7.9% and 9.7% respectively.
Birth and death rate
In 2008, birth rate in Indonesia was recorded at 19 births per 1,000 persons. Furthermore, the death rate during the same period was 206 deaths per 1,000 persons.
(Source: World Bank, WHO)
Infant mortality rate
Infant mortality rate in 2008 was recorded at 31 deaths per 1,000 live births.
In 2008, life expectancy at the time of birth was 69 years in case of males and 73 years in case of females.
(Source: World Bank)
Migration and urbanisation
In mid-2010, the country’s international migrant stock was 122,900 or 0.1% of the total population.
In 2007, about 50.4% of the total population resided in urban areas.
Indonesia comprises of two major ethnic groups – Malay and Papuan. Apart from these, other ethnicities include, Javanese, Sundanese, Batak. Additonally, a small population of Chinese, Indian and Arabian people are also found in the country.
Religion-wise, about 85.2% of the population in Indonesia follow Islam.
Human Development Index (HDI)
Indonesia is ranked 108th on HDI based on factors like health, education, income, inequality, poverty, gender, etc. These indices are prepared by United Nations Development Programme.