The total population of Italy for 2010 was recorded at 60.34 million, increasing 0.49% over 2009.
In 2010, males accounted for 51.5% of the total population. Hence, the gender ratio in the country is not balanced, there are about 107.4 males for every 100 females in the country.
In 2010, the population in Italy of below 14 years was 14% of the total population, whereas people in the age groups of 15 to 64 years and 65 years and above constituted for 65.7% and 20.3% respectively. Furthermore, the median age of the country is 43.5 years.
(Source: istat.it, UN)
In 2010, the mortality rate in Italy was registered at 9.7 per 1,000 live births. The average life expectancy for men is 79.1 years and for females it is 84.3.
Migration and urbanisation
In 2010, the net immigration rate was 6% and total migration rate is recorded at 4.8%.
The urban population growth rate from 2005 to 2010 was 5.4%, while the rural population growth rate was 3.4%. The total population growth rate was 5.7%.
The major ethnic group in Italy is Italian, however there are also German, French, Slovene, and Albanian ethnicities.
Source: (istat.it, UN, state.gov)
Human development index (HDI)
The country ranks 23rd out of 182 countries on the Human Development index 2010 conducted by the United Nations. The HDI provides a composite measure of three dimensions of human development: living a long and healthy life (measured by life expectancy), being educated (measured by adult literacy and gross enrolment in education).