According to the 2009 census, the total population of Kenya was 38,610,097 of which 19,192,458 were male and 19,417,639 were female. The previous census conducted in 1999, estimated the country had a population of 28.7 million which increased to 38.6 million by 2009 registering a growth rate of 34.49%.
In 2009, there were about 99.9 males per 100 females indicating a balanced gender ratio in the country.
In 2009, about 42.8% of the population were below the age of 14. There were 3.8% males and 4.4% females in the age group above 60 years.
The crude death rate in 2008 was 12 deaths per thousand people. The infant mortality in the period 2005-2010 was 63.9 per 1,000 live births.
In 2008, the crude birth rate was 39 births per thousand people.
Average Life Expectancy Rate
The life expectancy at birth from 2005-2010 was 53.7 years for males and 54.5 years for females.
(Source: World Bank, World Bank, UN)
Migration and Urbanisation
The number of international migrants in mid-2010 was 817,800 or 2% of the total population. (Source: UN)
The average urban population growth rate in 2005-2010 was 4%. According to the 2009 census, the urban population was recorded at 12,487,375 constituting 32.3% of the total population. (Source: Statistics, UN)
The major ethnic groups in the country include Kikuyu, Luhya, Kalenjin, Luo, Kamba, Kenyan Somali, Kisii, Mijikenda, Meru, Turkana and Maasai. Some of the other minority ethnic groups include Teso, Embu, Taita, Kuria etc.
The various religous groups represented among the population include Catholics, Protestants, Other Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Traditionalists and other religious beliefs. (Source: Statistics)
Human Development Index
Kenya is ranked 128th out of 169 countries in Human Development Index 2010. It indicates that the level of human development in the country is low. The Human Poverty Index focuses on the proportion of people below certain threshold levels in each of the dimensions of the human development index - living a long and healthy life, having access to education, and a decent standard of living.