The population of Liberia in 2010 was estimated at 4.31 million compared to 4.13 million in 2009.
The gender ratio is almost balanced with 98.8 males per 100 females.
Population age structure
In 2009, 42.7% of the population was in the age group of 0-14 years. The population above 60 years included 5.3% women and 4.4% men in the same period.
The median age of the population increased from 17.5 years in 1990 to 18.5 years in 2010.
(Source: undp.org, page: 195)
In Liberia, life expectancy at birth in 2010 was 59.1 years. In the period 2005-2010, the life expectancy at birth for men and women was registered at 56.7 years and 59.4 years respectively.
(Source: UNDP, UN)
The mortality rate of infants was recorded at 95.1 per 1,000 live births in 2010.
Death rate and birth rate
In 2009, the crude death rate and birth rate was 10% and 38% respectively.
Migration and urbanisation
The international migrant stock till mid-2010 was 96,300 people. This was approximately 2.4% of the total population.
In 2010, 47.8% of the total population was classified as urban. Between 2005-2010, the urban and rural population grew at an annual average rate of 5.7% and 2.8% respectively.
(Source: data.un.org, undp.org)
Ethnic groups include Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru and others. The main religions followed include Christianity, Islam and others.
Human development index
Liberia is ranked 162nd and scored 0.300 on UNDP (United Nations Development Program)’s Human Development Index (HDI) 2010. The HDI provides a composite measure of three dimensions of human development: living a long and healthy life (measured by life expectancy), being educated (measured by adult literacy and gross enrolment in education) and having a decent standard of living (measured by purchasing power parity, PPP, income).