Madagascar has a republican form of government. The constitution of Madagascar came into effect on 19 August 1992. Madagascar has a bicameral parliament. The parliament consists of the national assembly and the senate.
The president of Madagascar is the head of state and also chief of the armed forces. The president is elected by an absolute majority by secret ballot. The president is elected for a term of five years and is eligible for re-election for three successive terms.
The prime minister is the head of the government. The prime minister is appointed by the president of the republic. Andry Nirina Rajoelina is the current President and Gen. Albert Camille Vital is the Prime Minister of Madagascar.
The main political parties in Madagascar are:
· Tiako-i-Madagasikara (TIM)
· Ny Asa Vita no Ifampitsanara (AVI)
· Rénaissance du Parti Social-Démocratique (RPSD)
· Andry sy Riana Enti-Manavotra an'i Madagasikara (AREMA)
· Mpitolona ho amin'ny Fandrosoan'i Madagasikara
· Herim-Bahoaka Mitambatra (HBM)
Madagascar has a bicameral government which includes a national assembly and a senate, each with a term of five years. The national assembly consists of 127 seats, while the senate consists of 33 members.
Madagascar ranks 81st on the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom with a score of 61.2. Madagascar ranks 8th out of 46 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region.
Freedom of information
The World Press Freedom Index 2009 ranks Honduras at 116th rank with a score of 34.88 which indicates that media in Madagascar is restricted.
· La Gazette de la Grande Ile
· Lakroa (Cross)
· Dans Les Media Demain
· Feon'ny Merina (Voice of the Merina)
· Revue de l'Ocean Indien
· Television Malagasy (TVM)
· Radio-Television Analamanga (RTA)
· Madagascar TV (MATV)
· MBS TV
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. It ranks countries according to perception of corruption in public sector. Madagascar is ranked 123 out of 178 countries covered on World's Corruption Perception Index 2010, which indicates that the perceived level of corruption in Madagascar is very high.
The judicial system of Madagascar consists of:
· Administrative and Financial Constitutional Court
· Supreme Court
· Courts of Appeal
· High Court of Justice
Madagascar’s High Constitutional Court consists of nine members, each serving a term of six years. The Council of Ministers is appointed by the President; two members are elected by the National Assembly, three by High Council of Magistrates and one by the Senate.