Mali has a republican political system. The government consists of three main bodies which are the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. The president is the head of state and is elected for a five year term. The prime minister is the head of government and is appointed by the president.
The national assembly is the legislative arm of the government. The national assembly is unicameral and consists of 147 members, who are directly elected for a five year term.
(Source: traveldocs, IPU)
Mali’s economic freedom score is 56.3, making it the114th freest country in 2011 Index of Economic Freedom.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Mali is ranked 116th on the 2010 index indicating low level of corruption in public departments.
Mali's CPI ranking slipped from 111th in 2009 to 116th in 2010 with a score of 2.7 and confidence range of 2.4 to 3.2.
(Source: transparency.org, transparency.org)
Freedom of information
Mali is ranked 26th in the World Press Freedom Index 2010 with a score of 8.00.
The press and media in Mali enjoy a high degree of freedom compared to other countries in Africa.
Major news papers in Mali include:
- Le Republicain
- I nfo Mati
- Les Echos
(Source: BBC, rsf.org)
The Judiciary system in Mali is independent of the government. Mali’s laws are based on French civil and customary law.
The judiciary in Mali includes a Constitutional Court, Supreme Court and a Court of Appeal. The system also includes two magistrate courts of first instance, courts for labour disputes and a special court of state security.