Montenegro has a republican system of government. The powers are divided into three branches -
· Executive Branch - includes president and prime minister
· Legislative Branch - includes parliament
· Judicial Branch - includes Supreme Court and Constitutional Court
The president is the head of state and the prime minister is the head of government. The parliament, known as the Skupstina, consists of 81 members who are elected for a term of four years.
The current president Filip Vujanovic of the Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) won the presidency in April 2008 and is the first president of Montenegro.
The main political parties in Montenegro are:
· Albanian Alternative (AA)
· Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS)
· Social Democratic Party (SDP)
· Socialist People's Party (SNP)
· People's Socialist Party (NSS)
· People's Party (NS)
· Democratic Serb Party (DSS)
· Croatian Civic Initiative (HGI)
(Source: fco.gov.uk, state.gov)
Regulatory environment in Montenegro
Montenegro’s economic freedom score is 62.5, making its economy the 76th freest in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. Montenegro ranks 34th out of 43 countries in the Europe region.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Montenegro is ranked 69th on this list indicating moderate levels of corruption in the public departments.
Montenegro has maintained its CPI rankings since 2009 – it was ranked in same position with a score of 3.9 compared to 3.7 in 2010, indicating the perceived levels of corruption have stayed the same in Montenegro.
Freedom of information
The freedom of the press is guaranteed in Montenegro. However, there have been issues relating to political influence over editorial policies.
Montenegro ranked 104th in the World Press Freedom Index 2010 with a score of 28.5, indicating the media in Montenegro is not restricted. (Source: rsf.org)
the main newspapers in Montenegro include:
The judiciary is under the supervision of the Ministry of Justice. The various courts in Montenegro are:
· Supreme Court
· Administrative Court
· Court of Appeal
· Commercial court
· Superior court
· Basic court
The Supreme Court is the highest court in Montenegro and is based in Podgorica. It has the power to decide on the rulings of the lower courts. The Administrative Court adjudicates in cases of administrative disputes. The Court of Appeal has the responsibility of deciding appeals against the first instance rulings of the higher courts and also against rulings of the Commercial Courts. Commercial courts adjudicate in matters between domestic and foreign companies, individuals and entrepreneurs, and other matters related to commercial activities.