Mozambique is a democratic republic based on multiparty political system. The power in Mozambique is shared at three different levels – the legislative, the xecutive, and the judiciary. Legislative powers are exercised by the president and the Assembly of the Republic. Executive powers are exercised by the government and the Ppesident. The judicial powers are free from legislative and executive powers and are executed by the courts of law.
The president is the head of state and commander in chief of the armed forces. He is elected for a five year term by direct universal suffrage.
The Government of Mozambique is formed by the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers consists of the president, prime minister and the ministers.
Formulation of government policy is done by the Council of Ministers in sessions chaired by the President.
The Council of Ministers ensures efficient public administration, guarantees Mozambique's territorial integrity, safeguards public order, security and stability of its citizens, promotes economic development, implements the state's social policy, develops and consolidates the law and carries out foreign policy.
Legislative power is exercised by parliament and is also known as the Assembly of the Republic. There are 250 members in total and each member is elected for a five year term by direct universal suffrage.
(Source: portaldogoverno.gov.mz, presidencia.gov.mz)
The main political parties active in Mozambique are:
· Democratic Party for Reconciliation in Mozambique (PAMOMO)
· Frelimo (Front for the Liberation of Mozambique)
· Independent Party of Mozambique (PIMO)
· Liberal and Democratic Party of Mozambique (SPAN)
· Renamo - Electoral Union
Business and economic freedom
Mozambique scores 56.8 on the index of economic freedom making it the 109th freest economy in 2011.
Mozambique ranked 116th position on the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2010. CPI measures the perceived level of public-sector corruption in 180 countries and territories around the world.
Freedom of information
The constitution of Mozambique protects the rights to freedom of expression, the rights to freedom of the press and the right to information.
The media in Mozambique is regulated by the Supreme Mass Media Council, an independent body. The Supreme Mass Media Council guarantees press freedom and the public's right to information. The media in Mozambique is governed by specific law.
The national television network in Mozambique is Televisão de Moçambique (TVM) and the state owned radio station is Rádio Moçambique (RM) which covers most of the country, including rural areas.
Press Freedom Index 2010 ranks Mozambique at 98th position.
(Source: eisa.org, rsf.org)
· Diario de Mocambique
(Source: BBC News)
The judicial system in Mozambique consists of:
· Supreme court
· Administrative court
· Lower courts
· Specialised courts
The Supreme Court consists of professional judges, appointed by the president and judges elected by the Assembly of the Republic.
The Administrative Court looks after public administration and spending.
The Constitutional Council has jurisdiction over matters of constitutional and electoral law.
(Source: Electoral Institute for the Sustainability of Democracy in Africa)