The population of Niger in 2010 was 15.2 million compared to 14.19 million in 2009.
(Source: IMF, National Statistics: page i)
In 2010, the gender ratio was 102.6 men per 100 women.
(Source: undp.org, page: 195)
Population age structure
In 2009, 28% of the population was in the 0-14 year age group of. The population above the age of 60 included 5.9% women and 6.1% men in the same period.
The median age of the population increased from 17.1 years in 1990 to 18.6 years in 2010, primarily due to increasing life expectancy.
(Source: UNDP, page: 195)
In Niger, life expectancy at birth in 2010 (p) was 58 years. Between 2005-2010, the life expectancy at birth for males and females was 50.3 years and 52 years respectively.
(Source: National Statistics, page: 11, UN)
The mortality rate of infants was 81 per 1,000 live births in 2010 (p).
(Source: National Statistics, page: 11)
Death rate and birth rate
The crude death rate was 15% and crude birth rate was 53% in 2009.
Migration and urbanisation
The international migrant stock in mid-2010 was 202,200 people, which accounted for only 1.3% of the total population.
Approximately 20.4% of Niger’s population lived in urban areas in 2010 (p). Between 2005-2010, the urban and rural population grew at an annual average rate of 4% and 3.4% respectively.
(Source: data.un.org, National Statistics, page: 11)
Ethnic groups in Niger include Hausa, Djerma (Zarma), Fulani, Tuareg, Beri Beri (Kanuri), Arab, Toubou and Gourmantche. Religions are Islam, traditional religions and Christianity.
Human development index
Niger is ranked 133rd and scored 0.321 on UNDP (United Nations Development Program)’s Human Development Index (HDI) 2010. The HDI provides a composite measure of three dimensions of human development: living a long and healthy life (measured by life expectancy), being educated (measured by adult literacy and gross enrolment in education) and having a decent standard of living (measured by purchasing power parity, PPP, income).