Rwanda has a republic form of government. The president is the head of the state and the Prime Minister is the head of the government.
The country’s parliament is bicameral and includes the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. The Chamber of Deputies has 80 members, of whom 53 are directly elected and 27 are indirectly elected for a term of five years. The 27 members include 24 women elected by electoral colleges from Provinces and the City of Kigali; two members elected by the National Youth Council; and two members elected by the Federation of the Associations of the Disabled.
The Senate has 26 members, of whom 14 are indirectly elected and 12 are appointed (eight members appointed by the President and four by the Forum of Political Organisations). The members of Senate have a term of eight years.
The major political parties in the country include:
· Front Patriotique Rwandais (FPR)
· Parti Social Démocrate (PSD)
· Parti Libéral (PL)
· Parti Démocrate Centriste (PDC)
· Parti Démocratique Idéal (PDI)
· Parti Socialiste Rwandais (PSR)
· Union Démocratique du Peuple Rwandais (UDPR)
(Source: state.gov, IPU)
The country’s economic freedom score is 62.7, making its economy the 75th freest in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. In the Sub-Saharan Africa region, Rwanda ranks 6th out of 46 countries.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Rwanda is ranked 66th on this list which indicates that the corruption levels in the public departments in the country is moderately high.
Rwanda was ranked 89th with a score of 3.3 in 2009, which indicates the perceived levels of corruption have decreased in the country since 2009.
Freedom of information
World Press Freedom Index 2010 ranks Rwanda at 169th rank with a score of 81.00, which indicates that media in Rwanda is restricted.
· The New Times
· Rwanda Herald
· Rwanda Newsline
The Judicial system in Rwanda is under the supervision of the Ministry of Justice. The Supreme Court is the highest court of order in the country. The courts system in the country according to hierarchy is as follows:
· The Supreme Court
· The High Court
· The High Commercial Court
· The Commercial Tribunals
· The High Instance Tribunals
· The Grass-roots Tribunals