Serbia split from the union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2006. The country had a period of political instability prior to 2009.
Serbia has a republican system of government. The government holds executive powers in Serbia. The government is elected by deputies in the National Assembly. The executive powers are exercised by the Prime Minister and the cabinet. The legislative power is exercised through the National Assembly.
President is the head of the state of Republic of Serbia and represents the country internationally. The President has the power to approve laws and also propose candidates for office to the parliament of Serbia. The President is also in command of the military, and has the authority to appoint officers of the army.
The National Assembly is the supreme representative body and holds constitution and legislative powers. The National Assembly is comprised of 250 deputies, which are directly elected for period of four years.
Major political parties in Serbia include:
· Demokratska Stranka
· G17 Plus
· Srpska Radikalna Stranka
· Socijaldemokratska Partija Srbije (SDP)
(Source: Serbia.travel, President’s Office, Government of Serbia, Government of Serbia, Parties and Election.de)
Serbia’s economic freedom score is 58 which make its economy 101st freest in 2011 Index of Economic Freedom. It was ranked 38th out of 43 countries in the European region.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Serbia, with a score of 3.5, was ranked 78th in the 2010 Corruption Perceptions Index.
Freedom of Information
Press and media in Serbia in the country have moderate levels of restriction. Republic of Serbia is ranked 85th on the world Press Freedom Index 2010 with a score of 23. The country’s ranking slipped from 62nd in 2009.
Judicial system in Serbia operates independently. Judicial powers in Serbia are unique on the territory of Serbia. The judicial power is exercised through general jurisdiction courts and specialised courts.
General Jurisdiction Courts:
· Municipal and district courts
· Appellate courts
· Supreme Court
· High commercial court
· Commercial court
· Magistrate’s courts
· The high magistrate’s court
· The administrative court
The Supreme Court is the highest court of justice in the country.
(Source: Ministry of Justice)