In 2011, Turkey’s total population was 74,724,269, with an annual growth rate of 13.49%. In 2010, the nation had a population of 73,722,988, with a growth rate of 15.88%.
Of the total population in 2011, 37,532,954 were males and 37,191,315 were females. Additionally, the population density of the nation in 2009 was 97.
In 2011, the country had 100.9 males per 100 females, indicating a balanced gender ratio in the country.
In 2011, of the total population, 18,886,575 were in the age group 0-14 years; 50,346,979 were in the age group 15-64 years and the remaining 5,490,715 individuals were aged 65 and above. The total age dependency ratio was 48.42; of which the youth dependency ratio was 37.51 and the elderly dependency ratio (age group over 65) was 10.91.
The infant mortality rate in 2010 was 13.7 per 1,000 live births. In the same year, the mortality rate for age group below five years was 17.6 per 1,000 live births. The crude death rate in 2010 was recorded at 5.5 deaths per 1,000 people.
(Source: World Bank)
In 2010, the birth rate was recorded at 17.9 per 1,000 people.
(Source: World Bank)
In 2011, the life expectancy for males was 72.0 years and for females it was 77.1 years. The median age of the Turkish people is 29.7 years.
Migration and Urbanisation
The number of international migrants in mid-2010 was 1,411,000 or 1.9% of the total population.
The average urban population growth rate in 2010-2015 was 1.7%, and the average rural population growth rate was -0.4%. In 2007, 68.44% of the population lived in urban areas.
Turks are the major ethnic group in the country. Other minority ethnic groups recognised by the Turkish Constitution include Jews, Armenians and Greeks. The country also has individuals belonging to ethnic groups such as Kurds, Circassians and Bosnians.
Human development index (HDI)
Turkey is ranked 92nd out of 187 countries in Human Development Index with a value of 0.699 in 2011. It indicates that the level of human development in the country is high. During the same year, the country’s non-income Human development index value was 0.704.