The government consists of three main bodies -
- The Executive, headed by the President,
- The Legislative, headed by the Parliament,
- The Judiciary, headed by the Chief Justice
The parliament in Uganda is unicameral and is comprised of 375 members. Of the 375 members, 238 are directly elected. The remaining 137, who are indirectly elected, include 112 women district representatives, five youth representatives, five representatives of disabled persons, five workers' representatives and 10 representatives of the Uganda People's Defence Forces. All the members of parliament are elected for a term of five years.
The president is the head of the state and also the head of government. The cabinet includes the president, the vice-president, prime minister and other ministers.
(Source: statehouse, IPU, WIPO)
The country’s is ranked 80th in the 2011 Index of Economic Freedom with a score of 61.7, making it the 7th freest out of 46 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. Uganda is ranked 127th on the index indicating a high level of corruption in public departments.
CPI ranking of the country slipped from 130th in 2009 to 127th in 2010 with a score of 2.5 and confidence range of 2.1 to 2.8.
Freedom of information
Uganda is ranked 96th in the World Press Freedom Index 2010, with a score of 25.50. The country’s press system is highly regionalised and newspapers are privately owned.
The country’s media has a high degree of independence.
Major newspapers in Uganda are:
· New Vision
· The Monitor
· The Observer
(Source: BBC, rsf)
The judiciary structure of Uganda includes:
· Supreme Court
· Court of Appeal/Constitutional Court
· High Court
· Chief Magistrates Courts
· Grade I Magistrate’s Courts
· Grade II Magistrate’s Courts
· The Local Council Courts
· Family and Children Courts and Land
The administration and supervision of all courts in the country are headed by the Chief Justice.