Ukraine is a sovereign, independent, democratic country. The government of Ukraine operates under a framework of a constitutional democracy, wherein the absolute power is vested in people.
The parliament in Ukraine is known as Verkhovna Rada, the sole body of legislative power in Ukraine. It is comprised of 450 members elected on the basis of universal, equal and secret election for a term of five years.
(Source: Government Portal)
Some of political parties in the Verkhovna Rada are:
· Ukrainian Social Democratic Party
· Communist Party of Ukraine
· Party of Regions
· Party "Reforms and Order"
· Ukrainian People's Party
· Ukrainian Labour Party
(Source: Central Election Commission)
The country’s economic freedom score is 45.8, making the economy the 164th freest in the Economic Freedom Index 2011. Its score declined by 0.6 points from the 2010 index. Furthermore, Ukraine is ranked last out of the 43 countries in the Europe region, and its overall score is lower than the world average.
The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a survey to measure the perceived level of corruption across countries worldwide. It ranks countries according to the perception of corruption in the public sector. Ukraine is ranked 134th out of 178 countries covered on World’s Corruption Perception Index 2010, which indicates that the levels of corruption in public departments is relatively high.
CPI ranking of Ukraine improved from 146th in 2009 to 134th in 2010 with a score of 2.4 out of 10. This shows that the perceived levels of corruption have decreased in the country.
Freedom of information
World Press Freedom Index 2010 ranks Ukraine at 131st position. The ranking of country fell drastically in the 2010 index
The major newspapers in the country are:
· Fakty i Kommentarii
· Silski Visti
· Vecherniye Vesti
· Kyiv Post
· Ukrayina Moloda
· Zerkalo Nedeli
The National TV Company of Ukraine, Inter TV, STB, Novy Kanal, and ICTV are some of the broadcasters in Ukraine.
The judicial system of Ukraine has two parts namely, the courts of general jurisdiction and the Constitutional Court of Ukraine.
The organisation and operation of the judicial system is governed by the Constitution of Ukraine and the laws on constitutional court of Ukraine. The courts of general jurisdiction form a unified system, futhermore, the creation of extraordinary and special courts is prohibited in Ukraine.
The judicial system in the Ukraine is independent of any improper influence. Everyone has the right to legal assistance and in cases provided by law, this assistance is provided free of charge.
The system of courts of general jurisdiction consists of:
· Local courts
· Appellate courts
· High specialized courts
· The Supreme Court of Ukraine
The Supreme Court of Ukraine is the highest judicial body of general jurisdiction and consists of twenty judges (five each from the following courts: jurisdiction civil, criminal, economic and administrative) from which President of Supreme Court of Ukraine and his deputy are elected.
(Source: Supreme Court)